Womens Health

Women have unique health issues. And some of the health issues that affect both men and women can affect women differently.

 

Unique issues include pregnancy, menopause, and conditions of the female organs. Women can have a healthy pregnancy by getting early and regular prenatal care. They should also get recommended breast cancer, cervical cancer, and bone density screenings.

Women and men also have many of the same health problems. But these problems can affect women differently. For example,

• Women are more likely to die following a heart attack than men

• Women are more likely to show signs of depression and anxiety than men

• The effects of sexually transmitted diseases can be more serious in women

• Osteoarthritis affects more women than men

• Women are more likely to have urinary tract problems

Information

 

Women's health includes a wide range of specialties and focus areas, such as:

• Puberty

• Birth control, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and gynaecology

• Breast cancer, ovarian cancer, and other female cancers

• Mammography

• Menopause and hormone therapy

• Osteoporosis

• Pregnancy and childbirth

• Sexual health

• Women and heart disease

• Benign conditions affecting the function of the female reproductive organs

Preventive Care and Screenings

Preventative care for women includes the following services:

• Regular gynaecological checkups, including a pelvic exam and breast exam

• Pap smear and HPV testing

• Bone density testing

• Breast cancer screening

• Discussions about colon cancer screening

• Age-appropriate immunisations

• Healthy lifestyle risk assessment

• Hormonal testing for menopause

• Immunisations

• Screening for STIs

Breast self-exam instruction may also be included.

Sexual Health Service

Your sexual health is an important part of your overall well-being. Women's sexual health services may include:

• Birth control (contraceptives)

• Prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of sexually-transmitted infections

• Therapies to help with problems with sexual function

• Sexual Assault Services

Gynaecology and Reproductive Health Service

 

Gynaecology and reproductive health services may include the diagnosis and treatment of various conditions and diseases, including:

• Abnormal Pap smears

• Presence of high-risk HPV

• Abnormal vaginal bleeding

• Bacterial vaginosis

• Endometriosis

• Heavy menstrual cycles

• Irregular menstrual cycles

• Other vaginal infections

• Ovarian cysts

• Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

• Pelvic pain

• Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

• Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD)

• Uterine fibroids

• Uterine and vaginal prolapse

• Vaginal yeast infection

• Various conditions affecting the vulva and vagina

Breast Care Services

Breast care services include the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer, which may involve:

• Breast biopsy

• Breast Mammogram

• Breast MRI scan

• Breast ultrasound

• Genetic testing and counselling for women with a family or personal history of breast cancer

• Hormonal therapy, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy

• Mammography

• Mastectomy and breast reconstruction

The breast care services team may also diagnose and treat noncancerous conditions of the breast, including:

• Benign breast lumps

• Lymphedema, a condition in which excess fluid collects in tissue and causes swelling

Pregnancy and Child Birth Services

Regular prenatal care is an important part of every pregnancy. Pregnancy and childbirth services include:

• Planning and preparing for pregnancy, including information about proper diet, prenatal vitamins, and review of pre-existing medical conditions and medicines used

• Prenatal care, delivery, and postpartum care

• High-risk pregnancy care (maternal-fetal medicine)

• Breastfeeding and nursing

Fertility Services

Infertility specialists are an important part of the women's health services team. Infertility services may include:

• Testing to determine the cause of infertility (a cause may not always be found)

• Blood and imaging tests to monitor ovulation

• Infertility treatments

• Counselling for couples who are dealing with infertility or loss of a baby

 

Types of infertility treatments that may be offered include:

• Medicines to stimulate ovulation

• Intrauterine insemination

• In vitro fertilization (IVF)

• Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) -- Injection of a single sperm directly into an eg

• Embryo cryopreservation: Freezing embryos for use at a later date

• Egg donation

• Sperm banking

Bladder Care Services

The women's health services team can also help diagnose and treat bladder-related conditions. Bladder-related conditions that may affect women can include:

• Bladder emptying disorders

• Urinary incontinence and overactive bladder

• Interstitial cystitis

• Prolapse of the bladder

If you have a bladder condition, your women's health specialist may recommend that you do Kegel exercises to strengthen the muscles in your pelvic floor.

Breast care services include the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer, which may involve:

• Breast biopsy

• Breast Mammogram

• Breast MRI scan

• Breast ultrasound

• Genetic testing and counselling for women with a family or personal history of breast cancer

• Hormonal therapy, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy

• Mammography

• Mastectomy and breast reconstruction

The breast care services team may also diagnose and treat noncancerous conditions of the breast, including:

• Benign breast lumps

• Lymphedema, a condition in which excess fluid collects in tissue and causes swelling

Other Women's Health Services

•         Cosmetic surgery and skin care, including skin cancer

•         Diet and nutrition services

•         Psychological care and counselling for women dealing with abuse or sexual assault

•         Sleep disorders services

•         Smoking cessation

Treatments and Procedures

Members of the women's health services team perform a variety of different treatments and procedures. Among the most common are:

• Cesarean section (C-section)

• Endometrial ablation

• Endometrial biopsy

• D&C

• Hysterectomy

• Hysteroscopy

• Mastectomy and breast reconstruction

• Pelvic laparoscopy

• Procedures to treat precancerous changes of the cervix (LEEP, Cone biopsy)

• Procedures to treat urinary incontinence

• Tubal ligation and reversal of tubal sterilisation

• Uterine artery embolisation

 

Who Take Care of You

The women's health services team includes doctors and health care providers from a variety of different specialties. The team may include:

• Obstetrician/gynaecologist (ob/gyn) -- A doctor who has received extra training in the treatment of pregnancy, reproductive organ problems, and other women's health issues.

• General  Surgeons specialising in breast care.

• Perinatologist -- An ob/gyn who has received further training and specialises in the care of high-risk pregnancies.

• Radiologist -- Doctors who received extra training and interpretation of different imaging as well as performing different procedures using imaging technology to treat disorders such as uterine fibroids

• General Practitioner

• Nurse practitioner (NP).

• Nurse midwives.

This list may not be all-inclusive.